1360: The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified in Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
1537: Henry VIII’s third wife, Jane Seymour, dies of postnatal complications at the age of 28.
1601: Astronomer Johannes Kepler becomes Emperor Rudolf II’s imperial mathematician upon the death of Tycho Brahe in Prague at the age of 54.
1648: The Treaty of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years’ War in the Holy Roman Empire.
1681: The Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London.
1812: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow during the Napoleonic Wars.
1818: Felix Mendelssohn, 9, gives his first public concert in Berlin.
1836: The first US patent for a phosphorus friction match by Alonzo Dwight Phillips of Springfield, Massachusetts.
1851: William Lassell discovers Ariel and Umbriel, satellites of Uranus.
1857: The world’s first football club, Sheffield FC is founded in Yorkshire.
1861: West Virginia secedes from Virginia.
1871: A crowd in LA hangs 18 Chinese immigrants.
1885: creation of the operetta “Zigeunerbaron” by Johann Strauss in Vienna.
1901: Anna Taylor becomes the first woman to cross Niagara Falls in a barrel.
1902: The Santa Maria volcano in Guatemala erupts, killing 6,000 people. It is one of the three largest eruptions of the 20e century.
1911: Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition leaves Cape Evans, Ross Island, Antarctica for the South Pole. That same day, Orville Wright stayed in the air for 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, setting a new world record for 10 years.
1917: Germany and Austria defeat the Italian army at the Battle of Caporetto.
1922: Death of chocolate maker George Cadbury at the age of 83.
1926: Last performance of Harry Houdini, at the Garrick Theater in Detroit.
1929: “Black Thursday”, start of the stock market crash.
1930: A bloodless coup in Brazil overthrows Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Vargas is installed as provisional president.
1931: Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion.
1939: Nylon stockings go on sale for the first time in Wilmington, Delaware.
1944: The American aircraft carrier Princeton sinks off the Philippines.
1946: A camera on board a V-2 rocket launched from Whites Sands in the United States, takes the first photograph of the Earth from space.
1948: Death of the Austro-Hungarian composer Franz Lehár at the age of 78.
1949: Construction of the UN headquarters in New York begins.
1954: Brazilian President Getulio Vargas resigns under pressure from the military and then commits suicide. On the same day, President Dwight D Eisenhower pledged US support for South Vietnam. In addition, Maserati driver Juan Manuel Fangio wins his second Formula 1 Drivers’ World Championship.
1957: Singer / actor Bing Crosby marries actress Kathryn Grant.
1960: A massive explosion on the launch pad of the USSR Baikonoer kills up to 165 people. The Soviet Union covers up the news of the disaster, claiming that the team was killed in a plane crash.
1962: Soviet ships approach but stop before the American blockade of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis. On the same day, soul singer James Brown and his Famous Flames recorded the legendary Living in the Apollo album.
1964: Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) obtains its independence from Great Britain.
1965: Jim Clark in a Lotus is forced to retire from the end-of-season Mexican Grand Prix at Autodromo Hermanos Rodríguez with engine problems, but still gets his second Formula 1 Drivers’ World Championship
1968: The first division match between Nottingham Forest and future champions Leeds Utd is interrupted when a fire breaks out in the main stand at the City Ground. No one is hurt. On the same day Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithfull were arrested for possession of weed and released on £ 50 bail. In addition, the People’s Democracy (PD) is organizing a protest demonstration in Stormont, the parliament building of Northern Ireland.
1970: Marxist Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile by the Chilean Congress.
1971: Sinn Féin President Ruairi O’Brady addresses a party conference in Dublin and proclaims that Northern Ireland must be made ungovernable as the first step towards a united Ireland. On the same day, an IRA member was shot dead by undercover RUC agents in a bombing in Belfast.
1973: John Lennon sues the US government, accusing it of tapping his phone. On the same day, the Yom Kippur War ends with Israel 65 miles from Cairo and 26 miles from Damascus.
1975: Queen begins recording Bohemian Rhapsody at Rockfield Studios in Monmouth, Wales.
1976: James Hunt, McLaren driver, finishes fourth of the season, finishing the Japanese Grand Prix at Fuji Speedway to win his only Formula 1 driver’s world championship.
1977: Keith Richards is fined £ 205 after admitting to detaining cannabis, Chinese heroin, mandrax tablets and a gun at his Chelsea home. Later that evening, Keith and Anita Pallenberg accidentally set their hotel room in London on fire.
1978: Keith Richards is convicted of possession of heroin in Toronto and faces the very real possibility of jail time.
1980: The Polish government legalizes the independent union Solidarity.
- Ashes to Ashes – David Bowie
- Start – The jam
- 9 to 5 – Sheena Easton
- The winner takes it all – ABBA
- I feel like I’m in love – Kelly Marie
- Tom Hark – The Piranhas
- Upside Down – Diana Ross
- I die, you die – Gary Numan
- Oops backwards – The Gap Band
- The Sun of Your Smile – Mike Berry
- Flesh and Blood – Roxy Music
- Drama – Yes
- Back in Black – AC / DC
- Give Me The Night – George Benson
- Xanadu – Soundtrack
- Glory Road – Gillan
- Kaleidoscope – Siouxsie and the Banshees
- Myself I – Joan Armatrading
- Deepest Purple – Deep Purple
- Out of the Wall – Michael Jackson
1981: Mark Chapman is sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum of 20 years for the murder of John Lennon. He remains in jail after numerous unsuccessful requests for parole
1983: Jerry Lee Lewis’s fifth wife, Shawn Michelle Stevens, is found dead in their Mississippi home after a methadone overdose. They had been married for less than three months. On the same day, civil servant Dennis Nilsen is on trial for six murders and two attempted murders.
1985: John Shorthouse, 5, is shot dead in a police raid on his Birmingham home. The same day, Lásló Bíró, inventor of the ballpoint pen, died at the age of 86.
1986: Britain breaks diplomatic relations with Syria following revelations of official complicity in terrorist Nezar Hindawi’s plot to detonate an El Al airliner.
1989: American televangelist Jim Bakker is sentenced to 45 years in prison for fraud. The sentence is then reduced to eight years on appeal.
1990: Professor Brian Keenan is released in Beirut after more than four years in captivity. On the same day, Judas Priest successfully defended himself against a lawsuit after two fans attempted suicide while listening to the album Stained Class. The prosecution claimed there were subliminal messages in the band’s music that prompted the two 17-year-olds to enter into a suicide pact five years earlier.
1991: Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry dies at the age of 70.
1993: Police investigate allegations of child abuse against Michael Jackson.
1998: Former Stone Roses singer Ian Brown is jailed for four months after being convicted of disorderly behavior on a Paris-Manchester flight.
2001: Two trucks hit head-on and catch fire inside the Gotthard road tunnel in Switzerland.
2002: Police arrest serial killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending Beltway sniper attacks in Washington, DC area On the same day, record producer Tom Dowd died of emphysema.
2003: Concorde performs its last commercial passenger flight taking off from Heathrow Airport.
2005: Rosa Parks, American civil rights figure, dies of natural causes at the age of 92.
2008: “Bloody Friday” sees many world stock markets suffer the worst declines in their history. On the same day, Iceland receives a £ 1.3 billion bailout package from the International Monetary Fund.
2009: Los Angeles County Coroner declares Michael Jackson’s death a homicide caused by a mixture of drugs intended to treat insomnia.
2014: Marion ‘Suge’ Knight, founder of Death Row Records, is injured in a shooting at a party hosted by Chris Brown in Los Angeles.
2015: Hollywood star Maureen O’Hara dies at the age of 95.
2016: Singer Bobby Vee dies at the age of 73.
2017: Pianist and singer-songwriter Fats Domino dies at the age of 89 at his home in Louisiana. The same day, actor Robert Guillaume also died at the age of 89.
2018: Homemade bombs are sent to prominent American Democrats including Obamas, Clintons and CNN. All are safely defused. On the same day, singer and songwriter Tony Joe White died of a heart attack at the age of 75.
2019: The remains of Spanish dictator General Franco are removed from a mausoleum in the Valley of the Dead and buried in a private family vault in Madrid.
BIRTHDAYS: Bill Wyman, musician, 85; F. Murray Abraham, actor, 82; Vince McMahon, wrestling promoter, 76; Kevin Kline, actor, 74; Jean-Michel Jarre, composer / musician, 73 years old; Jeffrey Daniels, singer / dancer (Shalamar), 66; Kevin Dunn, actor, 65; Stephen Fry, actor / screenwriter / director / broadcaster, 64; Ken Todd, footballer / coach, 64; Steve Guttenberg, actor, 63 years old; Jared Harris, actor, 60; Mark Bedford, bassist (Madness), 60; David Koechner, actor / comedian, 59 years old; Marlee Matlin, actress, 56 years old; Roman Abramovich, owner of Chelsea FC, 55; Michael Thomas, footballer, 54; Dervla Kirwan, actress, 50 years old; Dave Chappelle, actor, 48 years old; Chad Michael Murray, actor, 40; Joanne Froggatt, actress, 40; Katie McGrath, actress, 38; Wayne Rooney, footballer, 36; Drake (Aubrey Graham) rapper / songwriter, 35; John Ruddy, goalkeeper, 35; Lisa Chambers, Irish politician, 35; Rupert Grint, actor, 33; İlkay Gündoğan, footballer, 31 years old; Lucy Mecklenburgh, television personality, 30; Claudia Fragapane, gymnast, 24 years old.